Good Schools for Every Kid

No matter where she goes (like Bethune-Cookman), Betsy DeVos can’t catch a break. Some of that is backlash to her connection to Trump, something arguably out of her control. For me, she represents a total failure of too many leaders to make any real commitment to our children.

I’ve written a lot about why school “choice” does not exist for many students. A 15-year-old girl who arrives to school late every day because she must roust her hung-over parent from bed in the morning is going to the neighborhood school, no matter how many “choices” her alcoholic parent is offered. The kid who is the fallback childcare provider for a two-job parent is going to whatever school he or she can run to as soon as Mom or Dad walks in the door from the night shift in the morning. There are more kids like this than we like to think about. The more “choices” we spread limited resources among, the fewer resources for kids who are not merely not “born on first base”; they were born miles from the ballpark.

But it is legitimate to ask why children who can take advantage of choice must be “stuck” in “failing” schools.

I have that question, too. I just think the answer is to fix the schools. I also think the real reason we haven’t is because it’s neither cheap nor easy, while turning the mess over to charters is, relatively speaking. At least, it doesn’t cost us any more, and we just leave shaping the future to charter companies, despite the fact that many are not run by educators and there is too little oversight of them. Some charters get excellent results (especially when they are filled with kids born on first base), while others do worse than neighborhood schools. Statistically, it’s a crapshoot. Like I said, no real commitment from our leaders here.

The thing is, the problems struggling neighborhood schools face are not insurmountable, and contrary to popular belief, educators and their unions can do a lot to help. Never forget, educators are their unions, as these are democratically-run organizations. Educators understand the root causes of low achievement in schools, and their voices are vital to finding solutions. Beware leaders who vilify teachers’ unions; I promise, their agenda has little to do with providing a quality education for all. Educators, on the other hand, directly benefit from good schools, because a student’s learning environment is an educator’s work environment. Engaged, optimistic, healthy children are a joy to work with. Oppressed, hopeless kids in the classroom every day shatter their teachers’ souls.

As for solutions, take Rhiannon Wenning and her colleagues at Jefferson High School: The Jefferson articulation area is one of the most challenging areas in Jeffco. Eighty-five percent of its student body is economically disadvantaged. Transience and language barriers are both huge obstacles for many kids. The myth is that the worst teachers get stuck in schools like this, where they sit around doing nothing while kids’ futures are destroyed. The reality is that Jefferson area educators and the community have banded together to create a community school. They have examined the root causes of what prevents students and families from being successful and determined the real needs—things like language classes for adults, healthcare access, job assistance, childcare. This community is working together to make Jefferson High School a hub of the community where families can get help with all of these things. The concept is called a community school, and I am proud to say that my union has supported this effort. I am so proud to call Rhiannon my union sister. She knows her kids don’t really have a choice, so she’s working her butt off to make sure the school they have is the amazing one they all deserve.

Right now, this isn’t costing a lot of taxpayer money, but the fact is that Jeffco schools need more resources. Up front, I know people don’t want to have to pay more, but the payoff comes later, when kids who would have languished in prison on the taxpayer’s tab or ended up on public assistance have the education and resilience they need to become adults who contribute to society. Make no mistake; many of the strongest national proponents of school choice are also proponents of private prisons. They invest in both. They are the ones who gobble up your tax dollars, first through unaccountable for-profit education management companies, then through private prisons for the kids they leave behind.

This next bit is going to make people grumpy. Please keep in mind, I’m at the end of my career. What I’m about to say is of no benefit to me. Sooner or later, Colorado is going to have to face a basic business reality (which should be right up the alley of those who insist schools should be run like businesses). You have to pay for talent. Sports teams know this. Large corporations looking for CEO’s know this. Tech development companies get it. It’s true of teachers, as well. The number of students in college teacher prep programs in Colorado has declined by almost 25 percent in the last five years. That may have something to do with teacher salaries declining 7.7 percent in the last ten. Real commitment to kids means addressing this problem—another thing unions try to accomplish and for which they are routinely vilified.

I truly believe that if everyone in America either made the commitment Rhiannon and her colleagues have made, or at the very least supported the efforts of educators and community leaders like her, every school could be worthy of the children who walk through its doors.

Posted in Education | Leave a comment

Six People with Different Political Views Walk into a Dinner Party…


Starting at end of table closest to camera and going left to right: Paula, Kelly, Krista, (empty seat Tory, who took the picture), Kavita, Alan

In May of 2011 I got into a Facebook discussion about politics. Well, I’ve gotten into several discussions before and since, but this one was significant. It was on the Facebook wall of a high school classmate, Alan. Another friend of his chimed in, and we were pretty much on opposite sides of the issue, but here’s the catch—the exchange was respectful and thoughtful. Kind of a rarity in Facebook politics. The friend’s name is Kelly, and he sent me a message saying that he wanted to friend me, and I said sure, and many respectful disagreements, “happy birthdays,” and little thumbs up on pictures ensued.

Several months or perhaps a year later, we three—one conservative, one liberal, and one left-of-center moderate—decided to get together at a local Mexican restaurant and have a civilized political discussion over food and a few beers. Hearkening back to the gathering between Barack Obama, Joe Biden, Professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and Sergeant James Crowley (Google if you need a refresher) in 2009, we called this gathering the “Beer Summit.” We had a great time; we talked about politics and our families and jobs, laughed a lot—all good.

I don’t know why it took so long, but we didn’t meet again for years. Then we saw our country being viciously torn apart over politics this past political season. Alan and I were adamantly anti-Trump, and while I didn’t adore Hillary Clinton, I was okay voting for her, while Alan was pretty disgusted that she seemed to be his only viable option. Kelly felt the same way about Trump. As he has often said, there were 17 Republican candidates, and Trump was his 17th choice, but he was voting for him.

Last summer, it was time for Beer Summit 2.0. We met at the same restaurant. Again, we had a lively time, but at the end, we agreed that it was too unfocused and there were just too many issues. Still, it felt healthy to be sharing ideas and engaging in respectful discourse about these issues.

And here we are today. We live in a country so divided. Family relationships have been splintered over politics, holiday dinners spoiled, friendships severed. I have seen friends post to their Facebook walls that they want their other “friends” who voted “wrong” to unfriend them. It takes a lot for me to unfriend someone, but I did hide the posts of a woman I once worked with because her updates were so venomous that they were sullying every memory I had of her.

It had clearly become time to move the Beer Summit 3.0 beyond the three of us. Last Saturday I invited the original other two participants and two more friends, one conservative and one liberal, to join us. I also included my husband, who often refers to himself as a “recovering Republican.” The new conservative participant, Krista, was a student who competed on my speech team in my very early years of teaching. She is now a radio talk show host and a newspaper columnist. I hadn’t seen her in 25 years, but through her Facebook posts and writings, I knew her to be thoughtful—a commentator rather than a provocateur. Plus, it was just a real treat to see her again. The new liberal, Kavita, I had met once years before at a friend’s birthday party. We hit it off, friended each other on Facebook, and then somehow never got together again. What I loved about her Facebook posts was her tendency to make very critical remarks about Trump voters and then kind of take herself to task about learning to be more open.

What I did not remember and found out at our gathering was that Kavita and Kelly had gotten into a heated exchange on one of my posts several months earlier. You know, one of those more typical exchanges people get into when discussing politics online with someone they’ve never met face-to-face.

This time we met at my house. I made a soup that has one broth but allows people to choose from a variety of ingredients to put in the broth—a symbol of shared values but different beliefs about how best to serve those values. Kavita is from India and shared a taste of her home country, samosas, which were new to me and delicious!

We had originally set the reliability of news sources and foreign policy as our topics, but the best laid plans of mice and men and all, the conversation followed its own organic path. We talked about a lot of things.

Three people there had dealt with infertility. Two had adopted children and one had gone the invitro route. This led to discussion about reproductive choice, and with one Catholic and one woman who had gone through invitro, obviously there were intense differences of opinion, but encompassing that was compassion, having shared the pain of infertility.

We talked about immigration, and while there was no consensus about how best to manage immigration, there was a communal belief that our country is worth sharing and that we should, indeed, share it.

I had set the evening to last three hours, but it flowed effortlessly for four. I think everyone genuinely liked each other. It would have been hard not to. Each member was engaging and funny and kind. At the end, there was no singing Kumbaya, but as we went around the table and summed up the experience, the recognition of each other’s humanity and decency was a recurring theme. We are already talking about meeting again.

I asked one thing in return for the meal. I asked each participant to write a reflection that I could post here, in my blog. I will post this when I have everyone’s contribution.

Krista talked about it on the radio the following Monday, and her co-host just couldn’t seem to get the value of pure discussion. He wanted a debate. He wanted winners and losers. Krista stood firm on the value of civil discussion, the exchange of ideas. Alan spoke on the evening of the dinner about a professor in a class he’s currently taking who said that discussion is the only true way we will ever find peace.

My own part of this is two pages, single-spaced, and the added reflections will make for a very long blog post. I hope you’ll stick with it and read all of it. Then I hope you’ll consider doing the same thing. Invite friends with very different views to break bread together, wade in troubled waters together, but always remember to help each other back to solid, common ground. I truly believe we can save our country one shared meal at a time.


First of all, thank you, Paula and Tory, for opening up your home for this opportunity to share not only a great meal, but also allowing us in and inviting us to share our thoughts and beliefs both with those with whom we may agree and those with whom we may disagree. That idea—opening up your home—is at the heart of this reflection.

I am not a Catholic, anymore. I’m not even sure that I should call myself a Christian. I’m just a guy who believes what I believe, morally, spiritually and politically. Sometimes those beliefs fit into a more traditional and accepted framework. A lot of the time they do not.

I do know this, though, the idea of “communion” is common in both Catholicism, and in the wider Christian world. I suspect that the idea of coming together, gathering in communion, with our fellow human beings is at the very center of most religious beliefs.

As a Catholic, “communion” usually just meant standing in line to get a little, flat wafer of bread. I’m not sure that I ever placed much emphasis on the “gathering” part of the word. I should have. Maybe we all should.

The first definition of the word communion that pops up in Google is: “The sharing or exchanging of intimate thoughts and feelings, especially when the exchange is on a mental or spiritual level.”

Webster’s definition number three is: “Intimate fellowship or rapport.”

Both of those of those definitions describe our Beer Summit experience: literally meeting in a friend’s home, in a communal way, to break bread together and engage in “fellowship and rapport.”

This has been a fundamental, and essential, human activity, since the dawn of humankind. It is also something that is fundamentally and essentially missing from our modern, digital, social-media, echo chamber, zero-sum world, and, unfortunately, in our political discourse and political leadership.

The intent was not to change minds, convince, to score points or to “win” anything.

The idea was to begin to see, to know, to listen and to hear another human being, and, hopefully, to recognize and to acknowledge in that other person that which is so much a part of ourselves: the need to understand the world around us, and our desire to live our lives in a moral way, whether or not that understanding reflects our own.

We are not called upon to agree on everything. We don’t have to agree on everything. It’s much healthier for our nation if we don’t agree on everything. Our political system is not built upon the idea of total, absolute, agreement. Our system is designed for compromise and consensus, for reasoned debate among people who may disagree, yet, have at their core a shared concern for the greater good, and a shared love of country and community, and through that common core set of love and concern, they are able to work through their differences—without thoughts of “winning and losing”—to see that the greatest good is achieved for the greatest number. Somehow we have lost this thread, in our national dialogue.

It was only six people eating soup and breaking bread, but it’s a start, a really good start. It was a really good start at returning us to the way things are supposed to work. A really good start at refuting and rejecting the way things are working…or, more accurately, NOT working, in our nation, and in our world, today.

What if this happened in every neighborhood, in every community?




They’ve all gotta start somewhere.

Why not with a Beer Summit?


Let me thank you and Tory again for hosting such a lovely and much needed gathering. It takes those who truly put their words into actions, so few of us, to heal from such a divided states of America.

I want to give you my insights (following a week of careful percolation) in the following areas:

First, the human interactions between the 6 of us. They were simply the most healing, honest and loving displays of humanity following a devastating election. In that room of almost 6 strangers, I felt a level of comfort and closeness, I have not felt in years. Partly I would imagine due to the relative anonymity between us. But also due to the bond of trust so to speak in allowing me to share some truths about myself, my experiences and my beliefs, that will surprise many in my inner circle. I told my 13 year old that night, that if there was an emergency, I would call on any of the people I met that night, to come and pick her up. Such was the innate decency within each and every one of you that I saw that night.

Second, on humanizing the non HRC [Hillary Rodham Clinton] voters.  I have focused long and hard on “forgiving” the Trump voters, those who “voted their conscience” and every variation of a voter who did not vote for HRC, knowing that she was the only viable choice. As a pragmatist, we are Americans first. However, my anger towards the non HRC voters, most notably the Trump voters, is an open wound, whose scab continues to fall off. More so as an immigrant, on whose tribe the White House has declared an unrelenting and cruel war. Putting a face, a family on these voters and the rationale that led to each of their choices provided some needed healing.

Finally, as I reflected on the discussion from our evening, I have more questions, that take me back to a sense of despair again. Less painful this time around. While every one of the conservatives I met that evening are good, decent, kind people, given the election again today, I wonder of that they would cast the same vote again. Knowing what they know now about President Trump, if the election were to be held today between the two contenders (HRC vs. Trump), I don’t know if they would vote differently. I say this, not out of any sense of clairvoyance but because of what I took way from our discussion. Let me first acknowledge, what I did also feel was sincere support for myself as an immigrant, as a woman and as a liberal from every one of you. But I also heard a sincere support for some Republican policies under President Trump. Unconstitutional immigrant enforcement (which is what his policy is before it got denied by the federal courts); repealing ACA; depriving women of their reproductive rights; restoring/recognizing America as a Christian nation. And as “hot” as Speaker Ryan is, he does not support equal rights for all Americans. And not to be outdone, our liberals got caught by in overwrought indignation about pointless moral foibles.

Until the next time…J


These are divisive times. I ask myself what I can do to bridge understanding. I’ve decided it’s not enough to point out the excesses of both sides or to urge people to listen to both sides of an argument before making a decision. I do both of these on air daily as a talk show host yet feel I should do more. Paula Reed has created a remedy for division which should be replicated. She held a “Beer Summit” for six guests with different political beliefs and backgrounds. Rather than avoid tough subjects, we deliberately discussed politics and religion. It was wonderful—great food, nice people, and good discussion. When I looked at the clock on the way home I realized we’d been together talking, laughing and disagreeing for over four hours. Paula Reed’s Beer Summit recipe can and should be replicated: invite a group of thoughtful individuals with differing opinions, add beer, wine, and great food (plus chocolate cake), and stir with respect.


Sharing perspectives on the state of affairs in this country was invigorating and engaging. I went into this with the intention of keeping an open mind and to trying to find ways to reach across the divides and understand other points of view. While we certainly made some progress to that end, I think it will take further effort on my part to understand some points of view more deeply. In the end though, there are points of view that, while I might fully understand them, will not in the end change my own point of view. Modify that point of view? Sure. My arguments will become more sound and will reach into the evidence presented by those I tend to disagree with. Good social and political policy comes from this kind of engagement and in my mind is exactly why we are having such issues in our political discourse these days. Factions have become locked in their own echo chambers of confirmation bias on the internet, and especially in Washington. Until we get back to the days of reaching across the aisle and having a drink with our political opponents, progress will be slow and plodding at best with much sound and fury signifying very little.

Our political systems could do with a bit of what I think we all experienced at Beer Summit 3. Sitting down with people that don’t share your political or even religious beliefs, and truly engaging with their humanity, it is mind broadening and healing, restoring your basic faith in humanity. I was able to see that we aren’t really all that far apart and many of our differences, while they are very real and can certainly cause conflict, are based on many values we all hold in common. In most ways I think we could agree on what living a good life in the world looks like, though we might disagree on the fundamental internal motivations that produce it.

While we had a diverse mix of points of view from political, social, economic, and religious perspectives, there are obviously many others to try and understand. This was a great beginning to a very complex conversation. I very much enjoyed and valued the perspectives that everybody brought to the table. As I get older, I find I want to understand at a deeper level that cannot happen without conversation and actually engaging people with different points of view. I encourage all who found this little party of ours inspirational to try it yourselves. Bring together thoughtful people you respect but disagree with and try it out. Let’s bring back the “salon” of days past where dinner parties were organized specifically to engage with people of differing opinions. This may be one of the ways we begin to climb out of the political morass we find ourselves in and discover the humanity in each other so that we can work together to find compromise and common purpose for the good of us all.


It’s been said that sharing food is the most intimate act you can perform with your clothes on.

When Paula suggested Beer Summit III be at her and Tory’s home, I was pleasantly surprised. First, that we were having another beer summit so soon after the 2016 election. Second, that we were having another beer summit at all, given the division that had overtaken the country during and since the election. That Paula added to our original Beer Summit group of one liberal (herself), one left-leaning moderate (Alan), and one conservative (myself) by inviting one right-leaning moderate (Tory), another liberal (Kavita) and another conservative (Krista) made it all the more imperative that I not miss this event! And I feel blessed that I was part of it!

Given all the vitriol that had taken place on Facebook over the past year, I was impressed that Paula was still willing to gather people of differing opinions, beliefs, and passions. I initially met Paula on Facebook through our mutual friend, Alan. In the past year, especially, I’ve had several Facebook friends un-friend me, and I, myself, have un-followed several Facebook friends. Our passionate political posts (alliteration – you’re welcome) have just been too much to take for myself and for others. Facebook is a lousy way to keep friends if you have too many political posts. What started out as a fun way to catch up with people I hadn’t seen or heard from in years, became a horrible way to find out the politics of those same people. It was like a competition to see who could best justify the candidate they were supporting, and why everyone else should support that candidate too. There was a lot of name-calling and cramming of “facts” into post after political post. There were friends posting links to articles or commentaries to justify political positions, and then having others that disagreed with those articles and commentaries questioning the sources.

It just got me too riled up some days, but I kept going back to it. It was my unhealthy addiction to Facebook that made me give up Facebook for Lent.

That said, I was looking forward to meeting another liberal, Kavita, whom I had gotten into it with on Facebook after I commented and/or posted something in response to one of Paula’s posts. I was also looking forward to meeting another conservative, Krista, whom I had listened to on the radio for the past couple of years.

The evening did not disappoint, but it wasn’t the fireworks that I halfway expected. First off, the generosity of Paula and Tory opening up their home and preparing a meal for us was just very nice. The appetizer that Kavita brought and the soup, bread and dessert Paula made were delicious! We also enjoyed beer, wine, and a night of great conversation, getting to know one another by sharing and discussing our backgrounds, passions, differences and commonalities.

It is much easier to dismiss someone on Facebook than it is in person. My last interaction with Kavita prior to the beer summit did not end well. I thought there was no way I ever needed to worry about sending a friend request to her, that rude liberal that just didn’t “get it.” Beer Summit III changed all that. I got to know Kavita face to face, instead of Facebook to Facebook. We shared stories, opinions, laughter, commonalities and respectful disagreements.

Meeting Krista was another highlight of the evening, as she is superb at articulating her opinions (doing it professionally as a radio talk-show host), and we share a lot of the same conservative opinions. As Tory correctly pointed out, I’m a bit of a fanboy. Or fangirl. I can’t remember which.

Tory and I shared our thoughts and opinions away from the group while getting ready for the dinner to begin, and then again while clearing dishes from the dining room. He made some interesting comments about my strong pro-life stance that made me want to know more about his solution to the “problem of abortion.” I’m looking forward to continuing that conversation!

My friendship with Alan goes way back to our meeting each other at CSU as fellow cartoonists and art students. We have always differed politically, but have more than made up for those differences through our use of humor and the ability to make each other laugh. That we connected on Facebook several years ago after “life happened” with each of us getting married, raising children, etc. was one of the positives that have come from being on Facebook.

Meeting Paula on Facebook, and then in person at Beer Summits I and II, started this whole coming together and “let’s agree to disagree” on some things, but agreeing on more things than I thought possible. She is a great listener – both compassionate and passionate, and tremendously respectful of differing opinions. In the short time I’ve known her, she has become one of my favorite liberals!

Overall, Beer Summit III exceeded my expectations. It was filled with friendly discussions, passionate debate, respectful listening, and heartfelt sharing. All the while having many moments punctuated with lots of laughter. That everyone humbled themselves by opening up about their lives, backgrounds, and how they came to be where they are now on the political spectrum, gave me hope for the future. I did not have that hope since the start of the political TV ads in 2016.

I would recommend a beer summit to anyone who has been wondering how we will survive as a nation without having another civil war. Breaking bread with a few people who may not share your political affiliation is a great start to overcoming the divide we currently find ourselves in. I find myself not being as judgmental of others on Facebook with whom I politically disagree. I just don’t think Facebook is a good venue for convincing others of why you are right and they are wrong. Getting to know someone personally, in person, allows for a better understanding and a better humanity. Seeing someone’s smile has a way of disarming me, no matter how entrenched I am in my beliefs and opinions.

And because of Beer Summit III, I now have three new friends who are “Facebook official.”

Posted in Life, the Universe, and Everything, Politics | 1 Comment

Why I’m So Pissed About DeVos

I’m probably preaching to the choir here. The people who will read this already know it, and those who don’t want to hear it will make up a reason to ignore it. Here it is, anyway.

Last night I was at a board of operations meeting for my local teachers’ union where another member of the board broke into tears, and before long, tears flowed down a number of our faces. We were talking about school closures, and this teacher talked about a family she has taught for years. There are nine kids in the family, and as the elementary music teacher, she has taught them all. The love she feels for them was in her wet eyes and all over her tear-stained face.

She wasn’t pleading to keep the school open for the sake of her job. Let’s face it; if for some reason her job disappears, as a highly effective teacher she will find another position, possibly for more money than Jeffco pays. What she pled for was an end to the uncertainty of whether or not the school would close. Close it, if close it the district must, but don’t string along families like this one who rely upon all the support that is supplied by a Title I school (predominately low-income children) such as her school. She was worried about what would happen to the children. Would they be spread out among higher income schools and cut off from these resources?

This is not about closing schools or not closing them. That is a business decision that requires a greater understanding of the whole district than any one average teacher has. This is about what teachers’ union members talk about when it’s just us. It’s about the way our hearts and souls are with our kids. Always.

So when I post on Facebook that I am frustrated that our new secretary of education has no experience with or knowledge of public schools, and people rebut that by saying the best thing about her is that she will “take on” teachers’ unions, I take umbrage. I really do. What the fuck do people think teachers’ unions want? Geeze. Do they really think we get together at board meetings and talk about how we can best keep shitty teachers in classrooms? The vast majority of the time our own children attend public schools! Mine did.

I belong to a union whose members have taken voluntary pay cuts and pay freezes to keep budget cuts out of the classroom. I belong to a union of people who spend out of pocket every year, again to keep budget cuts out of classrooms. I belong to a union of educators who spend every day of their lives in schools with kids. I’m tired of being blown off every time my colleagues and I voice our concerns about education because we’re teachers. For Pete’s sake, who would have a better understanding of schools and education than the people who work in them every day?

I’ve said this before, and I’ll say it again: I have a front row seat to this shit show. I do not read about schools and form my opinions based on that. I don’t even base my opinions on the very limited experience of my two children. I live this. I have taught thousands of kids over decades. In recent years, I have seen us make our children cynical about what we teach and why we teach it by placing so much emphasis on tests. I have seen our school-based (not union hall) conversations move from how to ignite passion in kids to how to gain more market share, how to market, how to make ourselves look shinier than the other neighborhood schools, because that’s what “competition” is all about.

Do you know what my ideology is when it comes to public education? I think every kid deserves a high quality neighborhood school. I don’t think any kid should have to go school shopping because his own school is terrible, nor do I think a family should choose a school because it has a better veneer of technology or facilities or because the staff puts on a better dog-and-pony show. I think kids should feel a community connection to their school, a personal connection to the educators that run it, and a creative and intellectual connection to the curriculum.

I don’t have a “conservative” or “liberal” ideology about schools unless you think that critical thinking skills and equal access to quality are political ideologies. If your politics opposes those things for children, or even some children, then you are a horrible excuse for a citizen. If you care about all kids, too, but are worried about low-performing public schools, work with teachers to improve them. Don’t disparage the people in there doing the job.

I get the fact that some people think the free market, applied to schools, will best achieve these things. I will tell you that, as one who works in schools, I think they’re wrong. I simply don’t see competition creating better schools. I just see the kids whose families can’t access “choices” getting left behind in schools with dwindling resources. Being wrong isn’t a sin, but blowing off the informed, expert opinions of educators is irresponsible.

Here’s the thing about DeVos: She is driven purely by political and economic ideology. For her it’s free market ideology first and children last, if at all. This is evident in the fact that she can’t be bothered to learn basic federal laws about educating children with disabilities or to understand the different ways test data are interpreted. It’s also evident in her absolute refusal to commit to equal accountability. She seems to think if a school provides a free education, accountability should be high, but if a school is for-profit and it makes a profit, well, that school is doing its job, regardless of student achievement. Her ideology is about free market schools making money. Period.

I have a big, fat, frickin’ problem with that, and I have another big, fat frickin’ problem with having teachers’ unions—peopled entirely by people who know schools, who know education, and more importantly know thousands of kids whom we love with all our hearts—being blown off for purely ideological reasons. Maybe you don’t like collective bargaining for compensation. Fine. Oppose that, if you must. But when it comes to the nuts and bolts of how schools run—funding them so ALL kids have access to good schools, not just rich kids; regulating and monitoring schools so kids get what they need; keeping the focus on kids, not marketing and market share—for God’s sake, try listening to educators! Maybe even be grateful for the money our unions donate to politicians, because we put that money toward people who pledge to support public schools and the kids who attend them.

At the very least, have a little common sense and stop buying the bill of goods about teachers’ unions wanting anything but high quality schools in which to work.

Posted in Education, Politics | Tagged | 7 Comments

On Twice Looking Into Orwell’s 1984

Last Saturday afternoon, my husband and I sat curled up side by side on the couch with a fire in the fireplace as we both reread George Orwell’s 1984. It is not a comfortable read, especially given the events unfolding around us in the country—the world, really, as a result of our country’s actions. Nonetheless, I was comfortable. The dogs were with us, and we were warm, still happy from a morning of taking tons of food from my union hall to a local food bank to feed homeless teenagers.

I looked up from my book at the fireplace and wondered if someday I would need this memory to sustain me somewhere cold with my husband’s whereabouts unknown to me. You see, we have both agreed that, should there come a day when Muslims are required to register with our government, we (I, a Unitarian Universalist, and he, an unaffiliated atheist) will place our names on that registry. We will do this having no idea what the long-term consequences will be. We are both well aware that the U.S. has interned its citizens in the past, and given the actions of our government over the past weekend, I have no confidence that history will not repeat itself.

I cannot believe I am having these thoughts! I cannot fathom what has happened to my country! The last time I read 1984, I was in my early 20s. Reagan was in the White House, and it was morning in America. This book was about the U.S.S.R., and Big Brother was Joseph Stalin. It had nothing to do with me, and it didn’t really stick with me.

This time, of course I recognize all the elements that are about old Soviet-style Communism, but doublethink and blackwhite, how can I read these and not have them resonate in my new world of “alternative facts”? Winston Smith changes the past for a living. How different is he from Kellyanne Conway or Sean Spicer?

Next Saturday I am attending a demonstration in support of Muslims in the U.S. Presumably, we will also be thinking of all the Syrian refugees who, like European Jews in the 1930s, are desperately seeking to save themselves and their families from unimaginable suffering and destruction and who, like European Jews in the 1930s, are being turned away by a callous, isolationist U.S. Their blood will stain the hem of Lady Liberty’s robes for a long time to come.

Do I consider the possibility that there will be violence, not on the part of peaceful protesters, but on the part of some unstable, inflamed supporter of authoritarianism, isolationism, and xenophobia? Yes. One does not work where I work (Columbine High School) and believe oneself immune to violence. “It can’t happen to me” is no longer part of my paradigm.

But how can I stay by my warm fire, reading 1984 and tut-tutting, without acting? Without risking something of myself?

In high school, I had a bit of an obsession with fascism. After all, it was not so far in the past to me. My grandparents’ generation had fought, and many died, eliminating fascism from Europe and making the world safe for democracy. I read accounts of and even watched 4 hours of interviews with average non-Jewish Germans talking about life in Nazi Germany. I will never forget the almost baffled looks on their faces as they grappled with their own complicity. They hadn’t gassed anyone. They just…well, everyone had been talking about how the Jews had ruined the economy for “real” Germans, how many Jews were actually Communists, all that. These non-Jewish Germans only wanted to make things better for their own children, and they had believed it when they were told that the Jews were to blame for all Germany’s woes. So when Jews were marched by the hundreds down the streets to rail stations and cattle cars, these other Germans went back inside their homes to finish cooking dinner or inside their offices to finish tasks at hand. Their lives, after all, were no different than they had been before, and they were dreaming of a Germany made great again…

I just can’t bear for that to be me someday, staring at an interviewer, stumbling over my words, trying to justify to him—but more so to myself—how I had gone back to my husband, my dogs, my book, and my fire.

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Peace on Earth

It is the time of year to begin writing the annual Christmas letter, that missive which will detail the kids’ progress through college and announce upcoming nuptials.

It is also the time of year when we often enclose such letters within cards that express a simple wish: Peace on earth.

As if a pretty piece of cardboard could bring such a thing about. And I know that, while this is not the case for me, many believe only the second coming of Jesus will fulfill this wish. That’s all well and good, but honestly, if I were Jesus, I think I’d be looking at humanity right now and saying, “I’ll stay right where I am for the time being. You all seem to have forgotten that God helps those who help themselves.”

I think we have lost sight of some rather essential parts of peace on earth:

Peace requires courage. It requires the sort of courage which means even if a stranger looks very much like people who have committed gross acts of violence, unless there are immediate signs of danger, that stranger should be treated with goodwill. If this compels peacemakers to be vulnerable, well, the courageous are not those who believe themselves indestructible. The courageous rise above the fear that accompanies vulnerability.

Peace requires generosity, and true generosity requires sacrifice. It means we genuinely want for every child what we most cherish for children in our own families. We want our children and their children, our nieces and nephews to have adequate food and shelter, good health, and safety. Peace requires us to share these things, even if it means our own children have a little less, because let’s face it, all too often we give short-shrift to the children of others, not to protect our own children’s needs, but to fulfill our wants.

It doesn’t require us all to drop to subsistence-level existence. People who work hard can live in deserved comfort, even while providing for the most fragile and vulnerable among us. We just have to decide that peace on earth is worth a little sacrifice.

Peace requires honesty—the hardest kind. The kind that happens in the mirror. The kind where you recognize your own greed and prejudice. Honesty prevents anyone from uttering the phrase “I’m not a racist” or “I’m not sexist” or “I’ve earned everything I have.” No one is color-blind. No one escapes the external messages about gender that bombard us from the moment we are wrapped in a pink or blue blanket. No one’s life is without unearned blessings, if the word “privileges” is more than one can take.

When they are honest and generous, peacemakers know the cry of “reverse discrimination” is just a false claim. It says that when people look different from me, there is nothing that can be done to provide equity for them, but when they look like me, the courts, politicians, and everyone else had better come to our defense and get something done about it. There is nothing in this sentiment that can ever bring peace on earth. Peace on earth means that if an advantage is given to someone else to balance centuries of oppression, that is part of the generosity and sacrifice required to bring peace to this troubled world.

I am as flawed as anyone in this. I catch myself telling old jokes based upon out-dated ideas I should have evolved past by now. I am not without frustration when I realize that my children’s lack of “diversity” works against them in certain fields. After all, they seem pretty unique to me. Isn’t that diversity? But they have had so many other advantages. They can hold their own, even in a world that asks them to be generous and to make sacrifices. I am deeply proud of them for understanding this.

Not everyone will try to be a peacemaker. I know that. I know life is not fair. I will work hard and make efforts that will go unmatched and unappreciated. I know something else. If I wait to make my efforts for peace until everyone else makes theirs, my wish for peace will never be fulfilled in any measure. In fact, it will only be undermined. If I wait for every individual within a group to be perfect before I see that group as being worthy of my concern, there can be no justice in this world, and as the classic protest cry states: No justice, no peace.

If Jesus is your reason for the season, may you find him—right there, under your rib cage, beating in the spirit of peace. If the solstice is what stirs in your veins, may you bring the light of peace into these brief, dark days. If a menorah illuminates the last nights of your December, may you reclaim the holy temple by laying full claim to the hope for peace on earth. If the humanist in you knows that only human dedication can bring about peace, well, then you know what to do.

Peace on earth. Good will toward all.

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Toughen Up, Buttercup

A former classmate’s comment about how safe spaces and group discussions where kids express emotion are ruining this generation got me to thinking, and thinking often gets me to writing, as you may have noticed.

I am aware of a new concept in education of “safe spaces” for students who may encounter ideas or works which trigger their own feelings around a traumatic event or where students of particular marginalized groups can get together without people outside of those groups to talk. I can’t really speak with authority about them as they actually function because I’ve never actually seen one or used one. I know people often go off half-cocked about how great something is or how terrible it is without actually knowing anything about it. My experience in life is that when you really delve into anything, you find out there are pluses and minuses.

My classmate conflated this concept (which he clearly doesn’t like) with a support group environment I’ve used in my classroom for a couple of decades. I will shamelessly admit that making my classroom feel “safe” has been a pretty important thing to me for my entire teaching career.

I hear a lot that “life is hard and we have to toughen kids up.” I figure that’s kind of true, but I also think that life shits on people enough to toughen them. They don’t need to get shit on in my classroom to make it in the world.

It’s not that I favor bubble-wrapping kids. I was not a helicopter parent. I didn’t take care of my kids’ problems with peers or teachers for them. I figured they needed to learn that themselves. I let them walk to the bus alone and play and fall down and get bruised. I am a teacher of literature, and with that, I often touch upon history and current events and human issues that are timeless, all of which tend to expose kids to just how awful people can be to each other. No bubble-wrap here.

People commit atrocities because of race (To Kill a Mockingbird and The Power of One) and politics (Long Way Gone). People betray one another and destroy lives in the name of religion (The Scarlet Letter). Economic injustice and greed exist, and they suck (The Great Gatsby). People get raped and people suffer depression (Speak). Abortion is a complicated subject, and the more deeply you look at it, the less clear the whole thing is in either direction, plus, there are a lot of ways we treat people as disposable besides abortion (Unwind). Childhood is not all innocence and playing fair, and in the end, all this is a reflection of adulthood (Lord of the Flies and Catcher in the Rye). These are just a few of the books I’ve taught over the years.

Literature, I tell my students, is an instruction manual for life. It allows us to come together and explore the most difficult parts of being human in a way that is unattached to us and provides us a bit of distance. Maybe we even read about something before we experience it, so when we do experience it, we are not utterly taken by surprise. When we read The Scarlet Letter and talk about Roger Chillingworth, I make a dark promise to my kiddos: If it hasn’t happened to you yet, someday someone will do something unforgivable to you, and you must decide how long you will carry that weight before you put it down.

I do not think it is in a student’s best interests to allow them to opt out. I don’t think parents should opt their kids out, nor do I think schools should.

I do think the classrooms in which these things are discussed should feel safe. I think rape victims who don’t want to read graphic descriptions of rape should be allowed to take care of themselves by skipping that section, maybe even take a break to “go to the bathroom” and breathe, if needed. If the trauma is very recent, okay, maybe you can bow out altogether.

But I’ve had my share of trauma, and I don’t retreat every time a reflection of that trauma comes up. I don’t voluntarily do school shooting stuff, so no, I haven’t read The Hour I First Believed, nor have I seen Elephant. If either were required for a class or something else I was doing, I could swing it. Whatever trauma I have personally experienced, I will discuss more frankly with those who have shared the experience, so I see the value of gatherings of only those who have experienced the trauma. I also think that being the direct target of homophobia, racism, et cetera is traumatic. I’m in no position to tell people whose experiences are unlike mine what they have “the right” to be hurt by.

And don’t tell me that people “shouldn’t” be hurt by these things. If I tell you that a knife shouldn’t wound you and you shouldn’t bear a scar from a knife wound, will that make you immune to being cut? Will it keep a scar from forming?

This is why classrooms should be safe. So kids can say what they think and hear what others think without needlessly inflicting damage on each other. You’ll get cut in the kitchen enough times in your life. No one in school needs to bring a blade to “toughen you up,” metaphorically speaking.

Now, for those who don’t know me and don’t know about the class I teach, it’s called ACE (Alternative Cooperative Education). Before you go off on how “cooperative” probably means some new-agey shit, like teaching people to cooperate with each other, the “cooperative” actually means that we work in partnership with business leaders to make sure our kids are learning the skills businesses need. (Ironically, the ability to cooperate with others tops that list.)

I teach reading, writing, and business skills with a healthy dose of personal responsibility and work ethic to kids who have not been super successful in traditional classes. These are not kids with disabilities; they are generally kids who don’t do school for a variety of other reasons. Are some basically just lazy? Sure. But none of them is stupid, and many of them have back-stories that I find make super-judgey people awfully uncomfortable. (I just re-read that. I’m not saying kids with disabilities are stupid; I’m just asking that readers not make that assumption about my kiddos.) Think things like having both parents in jail because when you were 8 years old your body was being sold to pay for Dad’s drug-habit, then going through the foster care system for years. Think using drugs and alcohol with mom or dad while you were still in preschool. Think getting the crap beaten out of you by your dad until until you were finally big enough to hit back. Think being told your whole life that you are worthless, that you’re the reason your mom or dad’s life is total shit. A former student recently made a comment to me along the lines of thinking her life had been much rougher than almost any other student I’d had. Don’t get me wrong—she’s had a damned hard time of it. Still, the look on her face when I shared a few others’ stories said a lot about what we assume children’s lives are all like.

If your life was hard, but none of this stuff happened to you, and you thought helping kids feel safe would ruin them, make them soft, well, now maybe you have a different understanding.

So in my classroom, it’s okay to cry. It’s even okay to cry “just” because some other kid called you a name, because sometimes that name is simply the straw that breaks the camel’s back. You can cry because the work I’m asking you to do is hard and you’re frustrated. When you’re all done crying, I’ll make you do the work anyway, but it’s okay to cry.

And if you cry, I will ask if you want a hug. It’s okay to say no, and I’ll respect that. It’s okay to say yes. In my classroom, you can just walk through the door and ask for a hug, and you’ll get it. Even if you are 6-foot-6 and headed into the Marines in two weeks when you graduate. Heck, if you’re a former student who has done multiple tours of duty in a combat zone, I will meet you for a beer, sit with you while you cry in it, and give you the same hug I gave you when you were a kid. (I have actually done this.) In my experience, this does not prevent said Marine from returning to the combat zone weeks later.

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The Day After (2016)

We are in deep trouble.

I told you all that I would probably stumble in my resolve to handle this election with grace. I am flabbergasted at our choice in president and heartbroken that Jefferson County abandoned its children. The damage done so far is only the beginning.

That said, I’m not giving up on my country or my profession. Groups will face persecution on a scale we haven’t seen in quite some time, but those of us who care for justice—not just for ourselves but for everyone—are going to have to step up. After all, when justice belongs only to a few it isn’t justice; it’s privilege. We may find that privilege is a precarious thing. You know, that “First they came for the Socialists” kind of thing.

We are going to have to take risks, invest time, be and do more than we ever thought we could. We cannot surrender to bigotry and ignorance and fear.

We don’t have to hate anyone to do that. We don’t have to spread vitriol. We do have to speak up for justice, show up for justice, invite and invite and invite the rest of our country (and our county) to join us.

I know my fellow teachers will be disheartened today. We’ll be back to big pay cuts. We’ll hemorrhage teachers to all the other districts that chose to invest in their children. It’s difficult not to feel as though we have worked so hard only to be slapped in the face. Take some time, Jeffco teachers. Lick your wounds. I am considering teaching my classes today and then taking half a sick day in the afternoon when I don’t have students. I feel a need for church.

But I have an after-school commitment to a kid that I’ll go back for, because I promised that no matter what I would be the teacher my students deserve. I meant it.

At some point we’re going to have to shake it off, and those of us who remain will have a lot of strenuous work to do.

People before me have worked hard and made sacrifices to make progress, to form a union that protects teachers and kids, to provide opportunities to kids of all backgrounds, to strengthen families in all their forms. It’s bad enough to be facing the setbacks we are in these areas, but I will not abandon these causes for which others gave so much. I may feel discouraged, but I will not be dissuaded.

We lose only when we surrender.

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Win or Lose 2016

I wrote this just before the Jefferson County recall election last year. It seems even more apropos this year, with a few adjustments:

Tuesday night, or maybe early Wednesday morning, we should know the outcomes of this election.  I wanted to revise this now, a public challenge to myself for which I can be held accountable, and to my fellow United States citizens.

This election will put many of us who have cared passionately about the outcome into one category or the other.  We will be winners or losers, and no matter which side we took, we will most likely believe that our whole country won or lost with us. Emotions will run deep.

Win or lose, I hope that we will remember that we are not each other’s enemies.  No matter what signs your neighbors had in their yards, no matter what words were exchanged face-to-face or on social media, we are family, friends, and neighbors.  Hard times will fall on all of us, and we will bring each other meals, care for each other’s children, watch out for each other.  We will bear loss and celebrate life together, because we are, in the end, human beings–flawed but loving, no matter whom we voted for.

Win or lose, we all truly do care about our country.

I’m human.  I’ll stumble.  Win or lose, I will be as tempted as anyone to feel smug and superior or angry and bitter.  I know I will.  But I resolve not to fall.  I intend to stop and remember the inherent worth, dignity, and humanity of everyone around me, even those I believe were wrong, or selfish, or lazy.  I will reach for humility and forgiveness. At least, I promise to start trying really hard no later than Thursday.  I’ll stumble.  I’m human.

Win or lose, I will never forget the amazing people I have met in the past two years of political activism around the issue of education.  Sure, I’ve seen some really ugly behavior on both sides of the 2016 presidential campaign, but my personal experience working for funding for my local public schools has been nothing but positive. Nothing can ever truly diminish my faith in my fellow human beings because in the past two elections, I have met hundreds of our species’ finest.

Win or lose, I will walk into school on Wednesday morning and be the teacher my students deserve. Whom their parents voted for will make no difference. May we all go to our jobs, and out on our neighborhood streets, and to family meals and begin the work of healing. And then, may we find the strength and the grace to reach beyond that, even. And then, maybe even listen to each other–really listen–and try to understand, and love each other.

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Jeffco Mill Levy and Bond Issue

When Jefferson County Schools waged a battle to take its schools back from corporate reformers, I blogged about it ad nauseam. There was much to write about. First the public needed to be made aware that there was even an issue. Then we had to motivate teachers and community to fight for it. We fought like hell and won a major victory.

Now we have something new to work for. It’s not as sexy as rescuing children from those who had a political agenda rather than kids’ interests at heart, but for Jeffco now, it’s just as important.

We have a mill levy and bond issue on this November’s ballot. These are biggies, and they’re vital to Jeffco’s future—both in the form of our children and in our overall economic prosperity. Like the board issue, it is important for those of us in the know to talk to our friends and neighbors, and in the weeks to come, we’ll be back out pounding the pavement and knocking on doors to make sure everyone knows—Jeffco Schools are in dire need.

We know that Jeffco voters are very skeptical about new taxes, and it is certainly valid to want to know why we are asking for approximately an additional $4.25 per month per $100,000 assessed value from property owners.

First, you need to know that at our current funding levels, Jeffco must spend $1,449 less on each child than Denver. We spend $1,151 less than Boulder, and around $500 less per child than Cherry Creek and Littleton. Is this because our children deserve less? I don’t think so.

Jeffco pays teachers, on average, 19 percent less than surrounding school districts, making it possible for them to attract and retain the best and the brightest. Do we believe all our kids deserve is new teachers who are gaining experience, while other districts’ kids deserve the fruits of that experience when teachers leave us for better salaries? I certainly hope not.

I truly believe that even people who do not have kids in Jeffco Schools (and that’s 70 percent of our voters) care about the children who surround them. They want bright futures for all our kids.

But for the sake of argument, let’s pretend there are some folks out there who only care about money. According to, one study showed that people are willing to spend 20 percent more for a house in an area with good schools. A 20 percent return on your home’s value seems worth the very modest investment of this mill and bond.

If you want to know more about how the money will be spent, click here and read up.

Then do the right thing for our kids and our community and vote yes on 3A and 3B this November.

As always, feel free to share this.

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Are You Sure It Was Rape?

One of the hard things this country has been doing, and I am proud of this country for doing, is pulling up carpets on issues and exposing what’s underneath. One issue we are slowly exposing is rape culture, and we have much work to do.

I and every other woman I know has either had direct experience with sexual assault or knows multiple women who have experienced it. One would hope we’d come a long way since my experiences in the 1970’s, when my own mother told me not to report because what I would be put through by the police and the courts would not be worth it, and I would probably lose. At the time, it would have been totally acceptable for them to question my sexual history, but even the fact that I had none would not have saved me. My clothes, my attitude, whether I had fought (though I was young and naïve enough to not fully understand what was even happening, much less fight)—all of these would be questioned, and I would most likely not be believed.

With the decision not to report came a great deal of regret and years of feeling guilty. My abuser went on to be in a position to abuse other girls. I have borne the weight of that responsibility my whole life—the fact that I was between the ages of 12 and 15 at the time notwithstanding.

But we have further to go, and now a young woman who means my whole life to me is facing this, and like the women and girls of my generation, not feeling like she could report it. Like me, until recently she wasn’t able to call her assault what it was, because even we women are taught to question ourselves. Now, there are acknowledgeably gray areas that can occur in sexual situations. I understand that. Given the mixed messages society gives both men and women about what constitutes consent, I asked her whether she thought her attacker could identify what he had done as rape, and she said no. Then I discovered all the details; I can tell you without the slightest doubt that she was assaulted by a predator who knew exactly what he was doing. He manipulated his way into her home, slapped her, and ignored her struggles, yet she could not bring herself to “accuse” him. In 2016, young women still believe they have somehow misunderstood when rapists willfully violate them.

Like my generation 40 years ago, she faces a legal system that does not automatically believe a woman who reports a rape. “Are you sure?” No one asks a mugging victim whether he is sure he didn’t voluntarily give up his wallet. No one finds out he gave money to another person—in a store, on the street, wherever—and then suggests that it was understandable that the mugger thought it would be okay to take this person’s money.

And you know, not all thefts are violent. Faced with a mugger who is clearly bigger and stronger and very demanding and intimidating, more than one person has handed over a wallet or purse without further threat or protest. No one says that crime can’t be prosecuted or even investigated. When someone is bilked of money, defrauded by a master manipulator, they often have legal recourse. No one tells them that, because they were conned by an expert before their money was taken, the conman wasn’t a criminal. Charles Ponzi went to jail. No one tells those victims they have no right to report the fraud. But we tell women who are conned into letting predators into the safety of their homes that what happened to them wasn’t really rape.

Remember, prosecution is not conviction. I’m not saying every man accused of rape must be punished. In America, we have a presumption of innocence, and that is important, but this does not require an immediate presumption that the accuser is lying or delusional, either. It means both are treated by their own side as if they are telling the truth, and the final determination is made through investigation and, when possible, in court. I have no doubt that people have been accused of stealing things when they were, in fact, willingly given the items in question, or who never had possession of the items at all. But how often is the victim of a mugging unsure he was even mugged because society tells him it’s ambiguous? After all, the mugging victim engages in voluntary exchanges involving money. How can he be so sure he was mugged? How often do we tell that victim that he shouldn’t “ruin the thief’s life” by reporting him?

People get away with all kinds of crimes: murder, burglary, embezzlement, you name it, because no justice system is perfect, and great care must be taken to try not to convict innocents. It’s entirely possible that a woman may report a rape and be believed, and the case may still not even go to trial. Sometimes that’s because of a system that secretly still blames the victim, but sometimes it’s just a genuine lack of evidence, as may occur in any other crime where the perpetrator goes unpunished. That happens. I get it. But many rapists get away with it over and over because their victims don’t report them, and how can we protect people if there are rapists getting away with it all the time? The National Institute of Justice reports that of the “rapes and sexual assaults perpetrated against women and girls in the United States between 1992 and 2000, only 36 percent of rapes, 34 percent of attempted rapes, and 26 percent of sexual assaults were reported.” Men under-report even more because there is this idea that they cannot be raped. It is wrong, of course, but who tells them that before it happens? Almost no one, I suspect.

How can this still be? Granted, more rapes are reported now than when I was in my teens and twenties, but do you know how that happened, according to the National Institute of Justice? Not from victims reporting it themselves. The initial increase in reports came from third party reporters like witnesses and family members. Somehow they knew they would be believed without blame, whereas the victim, herself, did not. Victims must be empowered to report, and that means their word should be as trusted as the word of anyone else who reports any other crime.

For those of you who worry that people will cry rape willy-nilly, the solution is readily available: explicit consent. “Is this okay?” “Hey, do you wanna…?” Then going no further without “yes.” I have begun teaching this in ACE, during the portion of the class where we talk about teen issues. I explain to the kids that the law is not as full of bright lines as they would like to believe. This is why we have a trial system. I tell them that, while reporting rape is not a guarantee of prosecution or conviction, all nonconsensual sex has the potential to end up in a rape conviction. Explicit consent protects both partners—from the pain of feeling violated and from the charge of rape where no rape was intended. For those who think this puts a damper on the mood, ask people in the BDSM community, where explicit consent is an absolute requirement. They seem to navigate it pretty well. (No, I’m not advocating BDSM for all; I’m saying they seem to have some pretty wild sex and still get in some version of “Do you wanna…?”)

Yes, indeed, America still has work to do. May my grandchildren’s generation be a safer one.

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